BLOCK/HOME 15-16 December 2010
PELLE BECKMAN (SE)
Refurbished Building in Lövholmen/Liljeholmen
The existing building in Lövholmen/Lijleholmen has an area about 17.000 sqm divided into 6 ½ floors. Even though the existing building is a pretty boring industrial building – no fancy bricks or artistic window framing – it still has really nice qualities in placement and load-bearing construction.
The size allows for a varied programme, but also creates some problems with the available amount of daylight coming in – a good solution must be found the increase this. Scale issues – the existing building has a somewhat problematic scale, primarily in varying floor heights, building depth and height. These are however also qualitites, and it has been the ambition with this project to develeop these qualitites further.
The new programme includes apartments, office spaces and public functions, a common “courtyard” for commercial “flats” and ordinary flats, a roof outlook towards the water and a beautiful big space for the artistic/theatrical/music parts of the programme.
JOHANNA BORRMANN (DE)
It all started by thinking about, what would happen if I separate the insulating and the water- repellent layer of a house. By pulling apart the outer wall, a space is created that is both inside and outside and that can be used in many different ways depending on the seasons. As there is a lack of accommodations here in Stockholm, I decided to design a student home, situated at the waterfront in Sundbyberg.
The two L-shape-buildings consist of three mainmaterials. The first one is a steel grid, which creates the main form and structure of the houses. In this steel grid I put some “living boxes”. That means there are boxes, containing the student rooms, living rooms, kitchen and others. These wooden boxes are insulated, but not waterproof. The third main element is the outer façade, a shell with translucent and transparent sliding walls that builds the water-repellent layer around the whole structure starting at the first level. By not having this layer in the main floor it is possible to have a view to the water from behind the house.
Between the wooden boxes and the glass-layer an area is created, that can be seen as the main theme of the houses. During different weather conditions this not insulated volume can be used in many different ways. In the summer you can open all the doors and walls, so that this area turns into an expansion of the living boxes, but also an element that makes you feel being outside. It’s for example possible to use it as a zone for repairing your bike, store things but also for having furniture and with that a big living area there. Through the glass-shell this area always will be warmer than outside and is therefore usable in spring and autumn for being almost outside and get some light, without being directly influenced by the outside weather. All in all, this area can be everything and is supposed to be everything at once.
TOMAS CARLSSON (SE)
A Lot At Lövholmen
New city developments try to attract specific citizen groups. By tailoring the concept, trying to lure the right tenants for easy planning and secure revenues. Well done it sure gets neat and tidy, but also stiff and monotonous. Much unlike what the often desired hustling and bustling city is all about. And what about when the tide turns, when your one and only tenement type no longer goes. My proposal aims at providing diversity and multiplicity in the types and sizes of the dwellings. Thus creating a versatile and plural urban district. With a rather posh duplex apartment of 75 square metres as a base unit, I am dividing or multiplying this easy production standard unit into a variety of sizes and qualities. Ranging from 1⁄4 unit student flats of 22 square metres up to 1 1/2, 2 or more unit penthouse suites. All stacked together in pairs of blocks with a glass encrust courtyard in between. My solution for trying to make really enjoyable and practical use of the otherwise mostly desolate areas city courtyards are today. This indoor yard opens up for table tennis, boule, playground, the wash-house, mending your bike etc.
And thanks to the exquisite location of Lövholmen, everybody gets a room with a view, not to attract only the few.
INIGO CORNAGO (SP)
Home Made Money
Why pay a monthly loan when your home can bring you Money instead? Money [sek] Surface [m2] and Time [month] are the three key parameters that allow to relate the real estate market with the advertising industry. The exterior façade of the building is designed to optimize the vision on it, creating a productive area of 21600 m2 located in the boundary. It generates profits estimated in 2096:-/m2 month and surrounds exactly the same surface.The members of this community acquire their rights in façade square meters that would generate profits to pay for their housing, invest in collective spaces in association with some neighbours and help the domestic economy. The project will build gradually as earning the money that allows it. A metal structure, characteristic of billboards, mutates with the collective housing that occupies it. Vertical communication cores work as supports on the ends to Vierendel beams where housing is located and individually design. A corridor gives access both to the housing and to the Billboard technical maintenance. Why not take advantage of the advertising bombing in the contemporary city? Why housing is owned as a product and not built as a collective project?
THERESE DERNBRANDT (SE)
Refurbished Building in Lövholmen/Liljeholmen
All buildings have a history. When a building has fulfilled its use a new program is put inside or the building is demolished. I think it is important to have diversity in the city with both new and old buildings mixed and that old buildings that have architectural qualities but where its former use is no longer needed a refurbishment is a good alternative to just tear it down. If you decide to keep an old building and reprogramming it what happens with the memory of what once was the buildings purpose? And is it important? How could you transform the use and still keep the qualities? How do you adapt to the old structure that was made for a completely different program? These questions were the starting point for my project, making an old factory building into housing. By deciding which qualities to keep; the skin/façade with large windows intact, the existing structure and the idea of circulation, that becomes the guidelines for what you can do and what you cannot. What kind of spaces can you make without taking away the qualities? Working with the rooms, what should and could be opened/closed, how to work with the light, minimizing dark spaces, how to have a similar kind of circulation even though you have walls and not just columns. To leave the skin and the structure to what it is and try to adapt and work with the inner spaces was the main focus in this project.
ERIK FORNANDER (SE)
Split-Up City Block
The block is a reaction to the conventions of urban planning in Stockholm today. The trend is a modern version of the dense ”stenstaden” (stone city) as found in the urban core of the city. The blocks are pretty big with an enclosed courtyard in the middle. The streets are usually wide, made for car traffic and with a vision of local commerce which rarely is fulfilled. There is a clear border between public (the street) and private (the courtyard).
I have made a split up city block with a network of streets, alleys and paths going through it. There is no clear border but a gradient change from public to private with bigger streets with car traffic being more public and narrow paths being more private. The street grid isn’t all made up to be a pleasant pedestrian friendly architectural vision but can be dark, tight and without a specific commercial function. The urban areas being planned in Stockholm today has only one function smeared out over all of the public space. All spaces are treated the same and are made to stage the same kind of desirable lifestyle envisioned in the architectural drawings with a café and a design store. Urban life is more complex than that and spaces in a range of different privacy, activity and scale is needed to accommodate the tensions of different activities and lives in an urban area.
This block has more than twice the density than that of the “stone city” and is an experiment to try out the dense, urban living for real without the romantic ideas of light, greenery and air steering the project. The vision with this project is to get away from the insufficient neither- nor- areas being built today.
JAKOB HÖGBERG (SE)
One Block – One Building
Owing to the deficiencies within the Swedish building industry, most contemporary residential buildings conform to a ”one block – one building” solution. Rather than trying to circumvent these tendencies I decided to try and work within the framework set by the industrial standards. Hence, the proposed project in Stockholm’s St. Erik neighbourhood is a very large block-sized building. However, instead of conforming to the prevalent 1920s-inspired architecture within the 15-year-old district, the building takes on a more timeless modernist guise. The industry standard of repeated construction elements lends itself well both to addition as well as subtraction. By rearranging the elements of the block-sized house, a roof landscape of terraces creeps up and down throughout the volume, which creates amenities for its residents, and increase property values beyond the actual cost of constructing them. This added inflow of currency helps finance the standard apartments below, making them affordable to a wider range of Stockholm’s many home-seekers.
KLAS RICHARD KARLSSON (SE)
How do we block?
Blocking to some extent and sharing to some extent. Blocking access to that which is the home, but where is this boundary? The front-door? The access-route to the front-door? The window-view of that access-route or something else that could be said or felt to belong to the block? Extending the I to a WE, shifting the personal and emotional boundary to align with the economical, material, formal, symbolical, social and architectural boundary. How do we welcome ourselves into this blocking-out, to not be intimidated by the meeting of this, our group-belonging? Coming home from our daily or nightly activities means, first coming to our block-identity than to our home-identity.
HELENA KRAHNER (SE)
The plot is situated in Västra Kungsholmen, one of Stockholm’s expanding areas. The block lies along the main core of the area, Lindhagensgatan, where most buildings are recent. On the other side of the block a new, less busy street will pass. There is a rather big density difference between these two streets. The block consists of a building with 12 staircases and a courtyard. The project is a tentative to, by following the current regulations and city planning methods of Stockholm, create an apartment building in the size of a block that doesn’t try to hide what it is by disguising the building with different colours or materials, in a way of imitating the older city blocks from an era when politics were different.
The project is a terraced building sloping from south to north, going from four to ten floors. The upper floor apartments have roof terraces combined with green roofs. To enter the courtyard there is a passage from the staircase through a common space, an area that the residents decide what to do with. It’s here where you find the shared laundry room, but maybe there’s also a sauna, a room for celebrations, a book exchange library, a workshop or a space for relax. Common surfaces are often situated in the basement of the building and by placing these areas on the ground floor facing the courtyard with big window openings, perhaps it can contribute to a larger use of common spaces?
VALENTIN LANG (CH)
Housing in Hammarby
The project tries to educe a alternative reaction towards the new development area “Hammarby” in Stockholm out of a critical position. A economy of short term interests and a reactionary over detailed master plan from the city operate against a urban identity of continuity.
The Proposal tries on a urban scale to reconnect the former industrial identity of Hammarby to the main access street by placing three freestanding volumes on the plot of a existing block. The three simple and abstact volumes form a square in between which accentuate their togetherness.
The buildings want to insert a new understanding of time and life cycle in the urban environment that surrounds them. By using references of military architecture such as bunkers and medieval tower houses the interior organization of the program becomes almost a mazelike structure, which seems to be carved into the monolithically volumes of the three towers.
The buildings have a high material presence since the hole mass is done in rough concrete. This presence also sets the towers apart from their surrounding and ensures the longevity of the construction.
This method of construction, which does not try to minimize the amount of the material used in the building process, allows the create spaces that are differentiated by small spatial shifts between each room.
The houses should therefore withstand the ravages of time and establish the continuity in the building fabric, which is so important for the identity of a city.
THERESE LÖVGREN (SE)
Housing in Lövholmen
South of Stockholm is Lövholmen. Closest neighbours are Gröndal in the west, the lake Trekanten in the south, Liljeholmen to the east and lake Mälaren to the north. The public transport is very well connected here. Tvärbanan (the tram) passes through and the subway is a walkingdistance away in Liljeholmen. The building site is situated in the south part of an industrialarea, where they used to produce paint. The city of Stockholm has plans for dwellings at the site. Still the Cementafactory is active, but it is planned for moving further from the city. Then the area will be a very attractive building site for dwelling-houses, just as planned by the city. The closing of the Cementafactory is essential. Both because of the noise and for reducing heavy traffic in the neighbourhood. Gröndalsvägen is the main road through the area, heading in east-west direction , with a blunt mixture of dwelling-houses and some officebuildings and tvärbanan in the middle. The proposal here is an attempt to continue the atmosphere of Gröndal along Lövholmsvägen. Simply adding a new dwelling-house with shops and/or small workshops on the groundfloor. A fivestoreybuilding, mostly apartments 35-75 sq. m. The main feature is to offer a facade which is not a vertical surface but has a depth and a revealed structure. The supporting walls are twisted in relation to the slabs. In the southwest direction, this gives triangular shaped terraces of 12 sq m. To the north the walls are instead parallell to the edge of the slabs and the terraces are reduced to shallow spaces, to let the daylight in. The depth of the southterraces gives shade and privacy. The materials and bricks, concrete and oakwood. The people in the house may take part in what the facade expresses, when decorating their terrraces as the like.
ELIN MARK (SE)
Housing in Frihamnen
My project started out with questions regarding the planning of new areas in Stockholm. The classic cityblock is the prefered typlogy, and the buildings are often planned based on economics and potential to sell. Is there an alternative to this large scale block planning? Could we create better opportunities for the inhabitants to take part in the creation of their living space? By introducing smaller lots we can achive better diversity. This also creates better competition and possibilities for smaller developments, inspired by the german Baugruppe. This is when you as a group plan and finance the building yourself. In this way the inhabitants can take part in creating more individual space. The focus in my project was to create flexible floor plans and shared spaces in a quite simpel concrete structure. Shared spaces are placed in addition to the staircase and can be used for many different activities; fixing your bike, repainting furniture or having dinner outdoors. The space in between the houses is arranged as small lots for rent. Here you can create your own small outdoor paradise, grow vegetables or just relax in the sun.
SYLVIA MESSERKLINGER (DE)
My buildingsite is in Liljeholmen, where a demolished building left a cutted cliff wall. Furthermore, the buildingsite was chosen by me, as it is a junction for cyclists. Many routes are connected to this point, just not the 30m level difference from the mountain to the sea, which is the result of the created gap. Therefore, my building should “rebuild” the natural slope of rock and the planned ramp for pedestrian and cyclist should be the connection. The ramp is a public area which connects the buildings as well as the many different free areas. The slope of the main ramp is also suitable for wheelchair users, although there are many options to climb up or down the building, such as stairs for direct ways or steeper passages for sporting cyclists. The ground floor connects the entrance with the garage and the buildings that are naturally equipped with a staircase and elevator. All apartments are directly reachable with the bike/ wheelchair/ stroller and there is extra space for the spezial means of transport in the flats. The apartment sizes vary between 40m ² and 150m ² and offer the possibility to rotate his round with the bike / stroller / wheelchair even on rainy days.
JOSEFIN NILSSON (SE)
The structure is situated by the walk of Liljeholmskajen, just by the Liljeholms bridge. It is estimated that Stockholm will grow by approximately 5000 people per year and the housing development grow nowhere near as fast. The proposal is of a structure much denser than the city in general. It is a structure of 840 apartments on an area of 13 700 m2 in comparison to st: eriksområdet with 770 apartments in an area of 80 000 m2. Or the city centre of Riddarholmen with 60 000 m2 and the last resident moving in 2009 and gamla stan with 360 000 m2 and 3000 habitants. At the same time the importance for a mixed function structure seemed necessary to avoid it being an end to the walk that only the residents have some sort of use for. There for the base of the structure contains shops, parking and offices. The stong connection across the water to Tantolundens hill is being restored where there once was a natural hill in liljeholmen now becomes an artificial one. The base also connects the bay walk to the Liljeholmen bridge and an easy access to Södermalm. On top of the base is a new public green area. Due to the density in the area, the “park” was to crowded to gate and therefore it becomes an open space that rather brings life and opportunity in to the dwelling. Also the aim was to give a space with natural light to the otherwise very shaded walk of the bay. The apartments are simple and studiolike, without interios walls except for the toilet. The purpose is to give the residents the freedom tho live as they choose, forming their own homes as people in general do. Liljeholmen is in development and there are several topologies in the area, large blocks that seem scaleless, highrise buildings are planned but nothing that really densifies the area. It is an area of eclecticism that have the opportunity to develop in to a new city.
KAJSA PAULSSON (SE)
I have chosen to explore the neighborhood KV VÄLBEHAGET which is located on western Kungsholmen. The block has an attractive location adjacent to both Kristinebergs Beach Park and the promenade. South of the Quarter is the Old Brewery St. Erik wich has been converted into offices.
Instead of a closed block that can be experienced as extremely large and introvert, I propose an entirely different block structure. Between the buildings are a number of gardens and courtyards. Passages through the block is available to all, not only for the residents of the area. The buildings are angled to get the best possible light conditions.
Something that seems common in newly built areas is that the yards are neglected. Often they turn out very small and may only get light for a few hours per day. I have therefore given priority to the different rooms in the yard and I have created a courtyard in various levels that without fences and gates shows boundaries between private and public.
SUN SHENG (CN)
This project is about reorganizing one existing block apartment building in Liljeholmen. In the existing block, a lot of spaces are not well designed which give a good opportunity to do some changes. To improve the courtyard, some part in the existing block is taken away to let the light come in the courtyard, at the same transformed to a public space for people. Then put the volume back in the courtyard and the huge hole where currently nothing is happening. To create a deal of variation in horizontal and vertical space, a interesting tower is put in the courtyard to shape different spatial qualities for inhabitants. The lower part in the tower is open for public uses, library, community center and daycare center. And also replacing the existing bridge, the lower part of the tower connects different terraces in the courtyard, creates a variety of interesting spaces both inside and outside. To give the apartments back, the upper part of the tower are for apartments. Instead of making a staircase core, a light core is made in the middle tower to let the balconies stand out. And by putting some reflective material on the surfaces, the light can come in the core and create a nice light atmosphere both in the core and the apartments. Another part added in the block fills in the hole, is also for apartments which is taken away from the existing block. This proposal is a reconsideration of the on-going housing process, about how we could do to give people in stockholm a better place to live in and maximize the use of the city space instead of creating pointless spaces which is being made everyday.
TORSTEN STILLER (DE)
House Courtyard House
HCH is a propsal for Lövholmen, one of the new housing areas around the inner city of Stockholm. The neighborhood is described as the new south end of the citycenter so the most obvious shape for the building is the big block. But what can you do with the big courtyards which arise from the large plots. In contemporary housing projects, the courtyards are always unused by the residents. So why not using this space in an architectural way to create a higher density? This solution is a little bit old fashioned and not often celebrate in the last 50 years, because of light problems and a missing conection to the ordinary street life, but it has potential. The outer building follows the boundary of the site while the form of the courtyard houses is determined by light-studies. “Bridges” connect the two buildings to one. They have two functions. On the one hand they are normal corridors to make the inner house accessible and on the other hand are they parts of special flats which extend from the inner to the outer building. Another strong element in the design are the “telescopes” in the outer building. This holes allow a view outsite the courtyard house to the city. To get a high heterogeneous residents, five different kinds of flats from 45 sq.m. to 150 sq.m. are planed. Most of the one hundret apartments are 95 sq.m. big duplex apartments. The outer facade is thought as a corteen steel facade to remind to the industrial era of Lövholmen while the courtyard consists of climbing plants to form a vertical garden.
ULRIKE TINNACHER (AT)
In and around Stockholm approximately 45 000 new apartments needs to be built. This enormous amount of flats could lead to a big variety of new architectural concepts, proposals and execution of ideas. But during our study trip and research in new neighbourhoods around Stockholm I made a different experience of apartment blocks in Sweden. Big, empty courtyards, transient materials and huge structures are the dominating impressions I got.
For my proposal of a new apartment block in Stockholm I decided to work with the neighbourhood S:t Eriks Sjukhusområde, located in the northern part of Kungsholmen. This area seems quite isolated from the rest of the city. You enter this part of Stockholm trough an archway; it gives you the feeling of an seperated world wich continous in the inside with a rigorous symmetry and axial arranged apartment blocks. To avoid to continue with the uniform appearance of this area I decided to work with a smaller scale, different materials, a concept wich includes both the internal and external space of my dwelling house. Another important part of this project is the combination of apartments with other activities and functions within this new block. The ground floor level as well as the external space contains a kindergarden, room for laundry, bicycles, and different sport facilities. The apartments are located in three different blocks which have varied sizes but the same hight (5 stories). Allmost all of the apartments are maisonettes and have rooms with double hight which produce an exciting space.
JONAS WESTBERG (SE)
The block is situated in Liljeholmen, on a flat site that’s been partly used for parking. The surrounding area houses quite a rough mix of industrial buildings, schools, housing and workplaces. Next to site the Tvärbanan passes by on Lövholmsvägen. The block consists of an assemblage of three different units, each with different heights. When put together, the units terraces form semiprivate terraces connected to the neighbours on different levels. Each unit has two terraces on different heights that connect to other units. The lower terrace connects to one set of neighbours and the higher to another set of neighbours. Between the units lower terraces there are bridging platforms which allow the inhabitants to move to terraces further away, making a walk through the whole neighbourhood’s terraces possible. In the middle of the block there are sloping green hills that connect to the surrounding terraces. The three types of units are quite alike. Next to the lower terraces there are the kitchens and above there are either one or two rooms depending on the height of the unit. At ground level there is an entrance room, a bathroom and a bedroom. At one side there are netted shafts from top to bottom floors for vertical light. The units have concrete facades, and indoors there are both wooden and stone materials on the floors. On the terraces there are grass lawns or stone paving.
MAYUKO YOSHIDA (JP)
Minimum and Maximum
The background to this project is that the number of dormitories for students in Stockholm are not enough. It is the big problem. The another background is individual situation. I can see good points and also its problem because I live in a student dormitory at present. Living in dormitory, I am thinking about communication I think that it is better to make the space for communication among students, between international students and Swedish people or Swedish culture. The dormitory for students could be the space of center of communication.
The site of my project is Hammarby Sjöstad. I have some reasons to have chosen this area. One of my reasons is that there are many housing around here. The student might communicate with Swedish local people. Next, this site is close to the center of Stockholm. It is easy for people to accesses to here. And this area has nice waterfront space. I think waterfront is the one of the big feature in Stockholm. Students live with nice view and atomosphere. The final reason is Hammarby Sjöstad is one of the successful redevelopment are. Students can see the present Stockholm.
The concept is ’Minimum and Maximum’. This means the minimum space and the maximum space. The private space is as small as possible. The public space is as big as possible. By so doing, The minimum space and the maximum space. They are also contrast with ’daily life and not daily life’, or ’living and entertaining’.